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   Employment
   
   Equality and Non- discrimination
   
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    Employment

> Thematic page

  

The OSE examines various employment-related topics and participates in several projects in this area. A cross-cutting approach to labour market policies and problems is favoured (social dialogue, restructuring, CSR, quality of work, flexicurity, job insecurity, the working poor, working conditions, governance, etc.), particularly in the context of the European Employment Strategy. Some of these issues constitute specific research topics in their own right and are not included here (see entries on restructuring, social dialogue, CSR and governance).

The OSE has also devoted particular attention to two other issues: quality of work and the working poor.

 
    Equality and Non-Discrimination

  

The principles of equal treatment and non-discrimination lie at the heart of the European social model. They are a key aspect of the fundamental rights and values upon which European integration itself is based. Community law has raised the level of protection from discrimination, making it possible to develop a consistent approach founded on rights such as immigration, labour market integration, inclusion and employment.

 
    Health Care

> Thematic page

  

The OSE has been involved since the late 1990s in research and policy advising on issues related to the impact of European integration on national healthcare systems and their social character.

 
    Institutional issues

> Thematic page

  

Since the adoption of the Maastricht Treaty, the European Union has been engaged in an ongoing process of institutional reform. The Treaty of Lisbon represents the latest attempt to equip the Union with institutional arrangements intended to improve the functioning of the enlarged Union. However, the failure of the referendum processes to ratify the Treaty of Lisbon and, before it, the Constitutional Treaty highlights the gulf between Europe's elite and its citizens, sometimes for contrasting reasons.

 
    Restructuring - Industrial change

> Thematic page

  

Restructuring is a constant feature of the European Union's existence in a globalised world. The Observatoire social européen monitors developments by examining existing practices and arrangements as well as strategies for anticipating and managing industrial change, especially in respect of training and labour market reintegration.

 
    Social Dialogue

> Thematic page

  

Social dialogue is the linchpin of the European social model. It operates at cross-industry level and, especially since 1998, at sectoral level. The OSE has a detailed database of documents issued by the sectoral social dialogue committees, which it constantly monitors.

 
    Social Inclusion

> Thematic page

  
The OSE's work in the development of the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) in the field of social inclusion can be sub-divided into two main themes: firstly, contributing to knowledge about, and the analysis of, poverty and social exclusion (including the use of indicators) in the context of the OMC, and, secondly, analysing the OMC as a tool of flexible governance (including the evaluation of its "participatory" dimension and its "effectiveness" at national level).

 
    Social Protection

 

  

Building on its initial research activities on the issue of "social convergence", the Observatoire social européen was one of the first research centres to point out the paramount social challenges connected with the launch of Economic and Monetary Union in 1999 and European Union enlargement in 2004. Subsequent research has dealt with issues such as social security coordination and, more recently, the role and effects of the EU’s 'soft' governance of social inclusion, pensions, healthcare and employment policy, notably through the Open Method of Coordination (OMC). The challenge of ageing has been at the centre of the most recent research activities and publications, which include analyses of demographic trends and projections in EU countries and tackle the issue of "hybridisation" of pension systems in the EU.

  

 
   
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